Gendered Nationalism: The Role of Women in creating Nationalism in Socialist and Post-Socialist Romania

Natalie Ellis


In order to create a social environment conducive to socialist influences, many tactics are employed to produce an “obedient and homogenized” society. One such practice includes devaluing the role of the individual when compared to the role of "the people" or "the masses".  

In Romania, under the dictatorship of Nicolae Ceausescu, these tactics (and many others) were used as a means to re-orient links between gender politics and national politics and dangerously, the value of women in Romanian nationalism.  This paper aims to emphasize that the roles of women were constructed as a secondary, subordinated position to men and the state, and valued by their reproduction; their inability to express public resistance; their contribution in sustaining the sharp contrast between reality and state propaganda, and their adherence to the prescribed roles that continually promoted nationalist values. These tactics have had long lasting effects which are still prevalent in the post-socialist era. 

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